11 Reasons To Never Get A Job

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Dr. Guy Mayeda interviewed for MSN Health & Fitness article, “11 Reasons To Never Get A Job”.

The daily grind. It’s no surprise heart attacks occur most frequently on Monday mornings, when it’s time to leave the weekend behind and get back to the work. Studies report that up to 20 to 40 percent of employees hate their work, says Guy Mayeda, MD, a cardiologist at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles. “Dissatisfaction with one’s job can lead to unhealthy lifestyle choices such as overeating, consuming foods higher in fats and sugars, avoiding exercise and even smoking.” Here are other ways the 9-to-5 grind hurts your health.

1. SITTING AT A DESK ALL DAY INCREASES RISK OF INFLAMMATION
Inflammation usually occurs as a response to something such as an infection, chronic irritation or an injury. Studies show that sitting for long periods of time is linked to an increased level in inflammatory biomarkers, particularly for women, says Kristine Arthur, MD, an internist at Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center in Fountain Valley, Calif. “Over time, chronic inflammation weakens the immune system and can disturb organ systems leading to problems like kidney failure, joint disease and heart and lung disease.” Prolonged sitting has been linked to a higher risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer and death. Arthur adds that people may also have more subtle symptoms of chronic inflammation such as fatigue, chills and an overall lousy feeling.

2. STANDING AT A DESK FOR LONG STRETCHES MAY TRIGGER BACK PAIN
Swapping out your office chair for a stand-up desk eases some of the problems of sitting but creates other ones, namely back pain, says Neel Anand, MD, clinical professor of surgery and director of spine trauma at Cedars-Sinai Spine Center in Los Angeles. “Any position done in excess may be bad for your back, especially ones that puts weight on the spine. It is not just standing, it also matters what one is doing while standing.” Standing and leaning forward put stress on spinal discs and are worse if you are simultaneously lifting weights or transferring objects. “This done repeatedly or for a prolonged time is likely going to take a toll on the discs and the back,” says Anand.

3. WORK STRESS INCREASES HEART ATTACK RISK
The same work stress that increases inflammation is also behind the increased heart attack risk on Mondays, says cardiologist Mayeda. “Stress adversely affects the immune system and has been related to increased levels of circulating white blood cells and the release of stress hormones such as norepinephrine and cortisol.” Mayeda noted that these physical changes could lead to a state of chronic inflammation, a major contributing factor to sudden heart attacks caused by plaque rupture in the coronary arteries.

4. NOROVIRUS IS RAMPANT IN THE BREAK ROOM
Highly contagious, the norovirus (often called the “stomach flu) can infect anyone through food, water, contact with an infected person or contaminated surfaces. Office break rooms make it easy to spread this sickening germ. “The community coffee pot, microwave and handle of the refrigerator can all be toxic sites,” says Michael Schmidt, PhD, a microbiologist at the Medical University of South Carolina. “Plus, while we wash our hands before eating, we often forget to wash them when we return our leftovers. Thus, the door contaminates us as we grab our lunch or snack.” Coffee cups can also carry the virus, especially since coffee isn’t heated to boiling.

5. YOU’LL REDUCE YOUR RISK OF OFFICE BOD
A hunched over posture, loose abs, forward-tilted head, tight hip flexors and and a host of other issues add up to “office bod.” It’s not only unattractive but could lead to a variety of health issues over time, says Pete McCall, senior advisor for the American Council on Exercise (ACE). “If the hip flexor muscles tighten, they inhibit the ability of muscles on the other side of the joint to contract, which reduces both muscle tone and strength.” In addition, you’re more likely to gain weight. “When you don’t use your muscles you end up with lower levels of the enzyme lipoprotein lipase,” says McCall. This enzyme helps convert fatty acids into fuel for muscle contractions, so this lower level can lead to weight gain.

6. YOU’LL CUT YOUR RISK OF HEADACHES AND SHOULDER PAIN
Whether you sit on a fitness ball or in an office chair, it’s easy to make bad posture a habit. Sitting with your head in a forward position (ears should align with your shoulders and hip joint and not jut forward) can lead to pain and tightness in the upper back, says McCall. “It can also affect your shoulder and neck muscles. In addition, this posture reduces the flow of oxygen to the lungs.” All these factors are potential causes for headaches and body pain over time.

7. YOU’LL THINK MORE CLEARLY
Sitting through an hour-long PowerPoint slideshow is enough to put anyone to sleep. But research shows that simply sitting in a confined space with a number of people exhaling carbon dioxide not only makes you sleepy, but negatively affects decision-making skills as well. Normal levels of carbon dioxide concentrations outdoors are 380 parts per million and not usually higher than 1,000 parts per million indoors. Levels can reach as high as 3,000 parts per million or more inside enclosed rooms. In the study, students exposed to 1,000 parts per million carbon dioxide concentration decreased their performance in six of nine elements of a decision-making skills test. Those in the 2,500 parts per million test scored even worse.

8. YOU’LL NO LONGER BE A PRIME TARGET FOR FLU GERMS FROM SICK COWORKERS
Coughing and sneezing coworkers can be carriers of cold and flu germs. “If you are required to sit close to several other people or work in a large room with a number of people for many hours every day, this puts you at a higher risk for catching airborne germs from someone sneezing or coughing,” says internist Arthur.

“Work can be the perfect environment for spreading or catching germs.” No matter how well you wipe it down, your desk is likely to carry germs, she adds. Shared door handles and sink faucets can also be rife with cold and flu bugs.

9. YOU’LL SAVE YOUR EYES FROM COMPUTER STRAIN
Staring at a computer monitor for hours can cause eye strain and more, says Sandy T. Feldman, MD, ophthalmologist and founder of ClearView Eye & Laser Medical Center, San Diego, Calif. “Vision issues occur in over 70 percent of individuals who work on a computer for three or more hours a day.” Most notably, blink rate slows down when you’re in front of a computer screen. This leads to a feeling of dry eyes but may also lead to tearing and a burning sensation, says Feldman. “Dry eyes are extremely common and problematic and can cause blurred vision. Even people who wear glasses are prone to develop issues.”

10. YOU WON’T BE TEMPTED BY HIGH-CALORIE TREATS FROM COWORKERS
It’s hard enough to stay on target with healthy eating habits on your own, but it’s much tougher when you’re the office party pooper who won’t celebrate with a slice of birthday cake. Or have a doughnut with the rest of the gang. And so on. “You’re constantly tempted by goodies brought in from coworkers, says Kari Ikemoto, RD with HealthCare Partners, Los Angeles, Calif. “Plus, the daily trip out to lunch can really add up. Meals from restaurants tend to be higher in fat and sodium with portion sizes that are often double what we’re supposed to eat.” Vending machine treats such as chips, cookies and soda also add up to excess calories and pounds around your waist over time as well.

11. YOU WON’T HAVE TO DEAL WITH WORKPLACE BULLYING
Underhanded coworkers and other people who make life difficult for you to get the job done can have a significant adverse impact on your mental and physical health, says Elizabeth Lombardo, PhD, psychologist and author of Better than Perfect: 7 Strategies to Crush Your Inner Critic and Create a Life You Love. “One study showed that over 75 percent of those who had been bullied experienced anxiety and over half suffered difficulty concentrating. They also experienced sleep problems, hypervigilance and stress headaches.” In some cases, workplace bullying can lead to depression and even thoughts of suicide. “Even after the bullying stops, these symptoms can continue, which negatively impacts your work and personal life,” says Lombardo.

Heart Disease: Major Risk Factor for Many Rheumatology Patients

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Dr. Guy Mayeda was interviewed by The Rheumatologist and quoted in their published article. An excerpt of the article by Vanessa Caceres is below. You may read the entire article here.

Rheumatic diseases, such as rheuma­toid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and vasculitis, can affect the body in many ways, but perhaps the most serious is the increased risk of heart disease for many patients.

As the risk of atherosclerosis in autoimmune disease patients gains increased attention, rheumatologists and cardiologists are collaborating more often to refer patients to each other.

The ultimate goal is to decrease inflammation to control rheumatic disease and lower the risk for heart disease, says cardiologist Donna Denier, MD, Franklin Square, N.Y. “When you see a reduction in inflammation, you see a reduction in cardiac mortality as well,” she says.

Patients with RA or related diseases may not even know they are at greater risk for cardiovascular disease, but the risk is almost equal to the increased risk that diabetic patients have, Dr. Denier says. Additionally, cardiovascular signs may appear at an earlier age in these patients than in a normal patient population.

Another challenge is evaluating a patient’s medications that could further increase the risk for heart disease. For example, rheumatologists often prescribe steroids, which do not interact well with the aspirin or anti-platelet drugs a cardiologist might prescribe, Dr. Denier says.

When to Refer to a Cardiologist
Although it may have been common in the past to wait for a heart problem to emerge before referring a patient to a cardiologist, the emphasis now is on quicker preventive care, says cardiologist Guy Mayeda, MD, Good Samaritan Hospital, Los Angeles. He’s seen many patients who have damage to the heart or blood vessels but are not yet symptomatic. “The sooner they get referred to a cardiologist, the better the patient can improve with a collaborative effect,” he says. In that kind of patient, the cardiologist will recommend the rheumatologist prescribe aggressive therapy to get the inflammation under control, he adds. The cardiologist may also see early signs of such problems as a pericardial effusion, in which fluid accumulates around the heart and compresses it, leading to possible death if untreated, Dr. Mayeda says.

Heart Health: 10 Essential Facts About Orthostatic Hypotension

orthostatic hypotension
By Mark Henricks, reviewed by Michael Cutler, DO, PhD
Published by EveryDayHealth.com
This article includes excerpts from interviews with Dr. Guy Mayeda.

That spinning feeling when you stand up probably means your blood pressure just dropped.

Maybe this has happened to you: You’re getting out of bed or rising from a chair and unexpectedly feel dizzy or lightheaded.

Your vision may dim or blur or you could have tunnel vision. To add to this already frightening experience, you may also feel confusion and dizziness. Less commonly, you could have dull pain across the back of your neck and shoulders. Rarely, you could lose consciousness or faint.

These are symptoms of a condition called orthostatic hypotension, which results when blood pressure drops excessively due to a change in position.

Who can have orthostatic hypotension? It is very common, especially among older people, affecting approximately 18 percent of those over 65, notes a 2011 review in American Family Physician. It becomes even more prevalent as people age, with up to half of elderly people living in institutions, such as nursing homes, meeting the definition for orthostatic hypotension, according to a 2013 position paper in Journal of Clinical Hypertension.

Does orthostatic hypotension go away? Typically, yes, an episode of hypotension ends quickly; once you sit or lie down, symptoms disappear. The biggest risk for most people who have orthostatic hypotension is injury from a fall. But if you have chronic or recurrent orthostatic hypotension, it may indicate a more serious underlying condition.

Here are 10 essential facts about orthostatic hypotension:

1. Most Episodes of Orthostatic Hypotension Go Unnoticed

2. Gravity Is the Basic Culprit
What causes orthostatic hypotension? When you’re lying down, your blood is evenly distributed throughout your body. When you stand up, gravity causes blood to pool in your legs. “Normally, blood vessels in the lower body constrict when we stand up — also known as vasoconstriction — to prevent the blood pressure from dropping too much as we change position,” explains Guy Mayeda, MD, a cardiologist at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles. If this compensation fails to occur rapidly enough or strongly enough, blood flow to your brain can decrease and become briefly starved of oxygen. The brain is extremely sensitive to low oxygen levels, and that leads to dizziness and other symptoms.

3. Orthostatic Hypotension Usually Resolves Quickly

4. Age Is One of the Biggest Risk Factors for Orthostatic Hypotension

5. Dehydration Is One of the Most Common Causes

6. Orthostatic Hypotension Particularly Affects Healthy Exercisers

7. You Should See Your Doctor if You Have an Episode
Although orthostatic hypotension is rarely harmful, consider making a doctor’s appointment if you experience it for the first time. “It should be taken seriously because studies have shown that people with orthostatic hypotension are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular problems in the future,” says Kristine Arthur, MD, an internist at Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center in Fountain Valley, California. There is a link between orthostatic hypotension and increased risk of congestive heart failure, Arthur adds. Orthostatic hypotension could also be a sign of other aliments, including diabetic neuropathy, thyroid problems, and Parkinson’s disease.

8. Diagnosis Is Quick, Simple, and Painless

9. A Variety of Treatments Work for Orthostatic Hypotension

10. Behavior Modification Is Often the Best Treatment
How can you prevent orthostatic hypotension? Simply pausing for a minute before rising from bed can significantly reduce episodes of orthostatic hypotension, because this allows your cardiovascular system to adjust. This is especially relevant when you’ve been sleeping and are getting up in the middle of the night. Here are other ways to reduce the number or risks of orthostatic hypotension episodes:

  • Keep one hand on a rail or support when rising.
  • Be ready to sit or lie back down quickly if symptoms begin.
  • Stay hydrated.
  • Take medications at bedtime.
  • Your doctor may also recommend wearing compression socks to reduce blood pooling in your legs.

You may read entire article here.